Color in the interior is the first thing that forms the image of space. Modern technology, environmental problems, cultural and economic factors directly affect our lives. More than ever, we want our home to epitomize safety and comfort.
Color encourages everyone to explore the bright side of their lives: to express their personality, to turn housing into something exceptional, to create tranquility in the interior and to reduce stress – all with the help of color and textures.
Maybe, you think that choice of color for the living room or the whole house is very easy?
With this approach, the result can be good, but more often the opposite happens. And the reason is the lack of knowledge about interior design color psychology. Let’s fix the situation.
Designers always know what shades should be combined to get the desired effect. Specialists support the idea that with the help of a certain color or its combinations, you can easily change the mood of the room, create an optical illusion (make the room bigger or smaller).
A little bit of theory. Yellow, blue, and red are the three leading (primary) colors. When they are combined we can see their shades. Here they are:
- yellow + blue = green;
- yellow + red = orange;
- blue + red = purple.
How many colors should a house have? Humans perceive colors as cold (blue-green spectrum) and warm (yellow-orange). Some cause a certain state of mind, stimulate and enhance the ability to concentrate, help feel safe, relax. Others, on the contrary, depress, tire, and irritate. Therefore, when choosing a palette for design, you should take into account its emotional stress.
According to experts, the classic dark blue color in the interior is a reaction to our technocratic world. With the help of color, we try to evade technology, to get closer to nature – the sea, and the sky. What paint manufacturers and designers know for sure is the calmest color in the world.
In addition, shades of blue are more often cold. It is often chosen for the bedroom, and it has the property of visually expanding the space.
White is one of the main shades in the palette of the French interior, as it serves as a win-win background for works of art. White in the interior is the background on which you can do anything you want. It creates a sense of purity.
If it is used in wall and furniture decoration, the room will appear higher and more spacious. But even if white is only present in the design of window frames and door casings, the effect of freshness will also be achieved. White is also a cold color – it’s good for use where there’s a lot of suns. Combines well with neutral colors: black, grey, brown.
The white color in the interior is universal. Its shades are used both in classic interiors with stucco decorations, and in modern minimalist spaces, such as those decorated in Scandinavian or Japanese styles.
The first and obvious association – nature and plants. Soothing and relaxing, very pleasant to the eye.
According to various Eastern practices, green is the color of wealth and prosperity. So, if green appears in your house, the money hand over fist. A juicy green color helps to get rid of anxiety, excitement. Color has a refreshing effect, allows you to stay vigorous and stay in tune with the whole body.
Excess green can work as a sedative, has a strong relaxing effect, so don’t use green in the bedroom – in the morning you need to be vigorous, and green promotes complete relaxation.
The best way to use it in the finishing is to combine several green shades (mint, lime, pine needles).
Another trendy accent that will be very relevant this 2020 year – is terrarium moss. This warm green shade would be nice for eco-style and will fit perfectly in rooms where there are a lot of white and natural wood elements. As a companion, you can add accent blue to the terrarium moss.
Yellow and Orange
Yellow. Send out a lot of positive vibes, and a charge of vivacity, but here too, you need to carefully select the shade. Pale yellow on the walls or ceiling will bring light to the interior. But dark can cause tension over time. As a single inclusion, yellow will work fine in the form of photo frames, plants, table lamps, and vases.
Orange. With this color, you’re not in any danger of being in a bad mood. Choose the orange color if you want to be in a good mood all the time, relieve stress and irritability, improve brain function.
The influence of orange on a person will help to establish good, peaceful family relationships, as well as develop a sense of responsibility in you. This color has almost no contraindications, but perhaps you should not completely close yourself in orange shades, because too bright light can cause headaches.
Last three years yellow has become the fashionable color of the interior, and in 2020 it should win absolute mass appeal (especially “Mellow Yellow”, which reflects the constant popularity of burnt, earthy tones).
Black can’t be called a full color, because this paint absorbs any other, but its effect on the human psyche is colossal. In excess, black can easily provoke depression and severe nervous disorders, so you need to be extremely careful with it.
It’s true, black has one significant advantage – it is excellent at hiding any flaws, such as uneven walls or poorly laid parquet.
The use of a sophisticated shade of black indigo, combining total black, and deep-sea blue, claims to be one of the most interesting interior trends in 2020.
If you are a supporter of brutal style and want to feel at home as in a fortress, then dare to paint the walls in black indigo, but this solution is suitable only for spacious rooms where there is a lot of light.
It has come to be associated with the female beginning, with sensuality, tenderness, love, and sentimentality. Pink is associated with childhood and serenity, so pink is recommended for children’s design. It creates a feeling of peace and security.
The pink color doesn’t give up positions in the interior. For the first time in its history American brand, Benjamin Moore & Co. chose pink First Light as the “color of the year”. The shade marks an encouraging start to the next decade. Painting walls (and even the ceiling) in pink is a very effective phenomenon in the interior. In this technique, the dosage is more important than ever. It is important to pay special attention not only to scale and volume but also to the choice of shade.
Refined elegance without conservatism. The emotional response to it is highly dependent on the shade. Greyish and yellowish can cause depression, especially if the room has objects in the brown range.
A cooler tone combined with a muted white will create a refreshing look. Interior design psychology warns that the prevailing grey areas in the environmental risk creating a dull environment.
The color of earth, clay, and heat-treated wood. Typically associated with stability, reliability, and hardness.
Brown combinations add warmth, and depth to the design of an apartment or house. Beautiful parquet and furniture finishing from this range speak of the owners’ subtle taste. Unpolished wood and woolen fabrics in natural shades create a pleasant rustic effect.
Red – the color is quite aggressive and even tiresome, but it has a positive effect on the person: it can create a sense of well-being and thus affect his physiology.
Often indicates a threat, increases heart rate, pulse, but surrounded by warmer shades of comfort. The Orange version of red increases appetite and is widely used in kitchen design. No coincidental that McDonald’s restaurants are painted in energetic red, yellow, and orange colors that encourage eating more and faster.
This color is very common in the interior. The psychology of interior design contains a reference to the attributes of royalty, which is popular for creating expensive exclusive projects. If it has a bluish tint, it is perceived as serene and a bit mysterious. If there is redder in the tone – this zone will become emotionally dominant.
How to Pick Paint Colors for a Whole House?
- The psychology of colors in the interior recommends the use of warm natural tones – red, yellow, beige, brown – in the design of the dining or living room, as they are conducive to mental communication.
- Cold colors – blue, green, lavender – are soothing and wonderful for the bedroom.
- In the bathroom finish, white or pastel light shades will give a positive emotional response, which means purity.
- The home office environment is better sustained in the green scheme, it helps concentration.
As a science, the psychology of color design is considered very young. Therefore, the design is worth listening not only to the advice of specialists but also to their own feelings.